Scripture: Galatians 2

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READ and STUDY the WORD

For other translations of these verses below visit: https://classic.biblegateway.com/

Paul Accepted By The Apostles

Galatians 2:1-10 (WEB) Then after a period of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me. I went up by revelation, and I laid before them the Good News which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately before those who were respected, for fear that I might be running, or had run, in vain. But not even Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. This was because of the false brothers secretly brought in, who stole in to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage, to whom we gave no place in the way of subjection, not for an hour, that the truth of the Good News might continue with you. But from those who were reputed to be important—whatever they were, it makes no difference to me; God doesn’t show partiality to man—they, I say, who were respected imparted nothing to me, but to the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the Good News for the uncircumcised, even as Peter with the Good News for the circumcised— for he who worked through Peter in the apostleship with the circumcised also worked through me with the Gentiles— and when they perceived the grace that was given to me, James and Cephas and John, those who were reputed to be pillars, gave to Barnabas and me the right hand of fellowship, that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcision. 10 They only asked us to remember the poor—which very thing I was also zealous to do.

Questions and Answers:

1. What do you believe Paul meant that he “went by revelation” to Jerusalem (Galatians 2:1-2)? My Bible notes: God told Paul through a revelation to confer with the church leaders in Jerusalem about the message he was preaching to the Gentiles, so they would understand and approve of what he was doing.

2. Who did Paul say infiltrated their group and what were they trying to do (Galatians 2:3-5)? Paul said false brothers were trying to compel Gentiles to be circumcised.

3. Who doesn’t show partiality (Galatians 2:6)? God doesn’t show partiality to man.

4. Who was sent to the uncircumcised (the Gentiles) and who was sent to the circumcised (the Jews) with the Good News (Galatians 2:7-9)? Paul and Barnabas were sent to the uncircumcised (the Gentiles). Peter, James, Cephas and John were sent to the circumcised (the Jews).

5. Who were Paul and Barnabas asked to remember (Galatians 2:10)? They were asked to remember the poor. Paul was eager to do so.

Paul Opposes Peter

Galatians 2:11-21 (WEB) 11 But when Peter came to Antioch, I resisted him to his face, because he stood condemned. 12 For before some people came from James, he ate with the Gentiles. But when they came, he drew back and separated himself, fearing those who were of the circumcision. 13 And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy.  14 But when I saw that they didn’t walk uprightly according to the truth of the Good News, I said to Peter before them all, “If you, being a Jew, live as the Gentiles do, and not as the Jews do, why do you compel the Gentiles to live as the Jews do?  15 “We, being Jews by nature, and not Gentile sinners, 16 yet knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, even we believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the law, because no flesh will be justified by the works of the law. 17 But if while we sought to be justified in Christ, we ourselves also were found sinners, is Christ a servant of sin? Certainly not! 18 For if I build up again those things which I destroyed, I prove myself a law-breaker. 19 For I, through the law, died to the law, that I might live to God. 20 I have been crucified with Christ, and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me. That life which I now live in the flesh, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself up for me. 21 I don’t reject the grace of God. For if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died for nothing!”

Questions and Answers:

1. Why did Paul resist (oppose) Peter (Galatians 2:11-12)? Peter had drawn back and separated himself from the Gentiles for fear of those who were of the circumcision.

2. Who joined Peter in this behavior (Galatians 2:13)? The rest of the Jews joined Peter in his hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was negatively influenced.

3. When Paul saw that the Jews didn’t walk uprightly according to the truth of the Good News what did Paul he say to Peter (Galatians 2:14)? Paul questioned Peter about why he (Peter) didn’t live as the Jews did, yet compelling the Gentiles to live as the Jews did.

4. What do you believe Paul was saying in verses 15-16? My Bible notes: Paul was not saying the law is bad.  He is saying that the law can never make us acceptable to God.

5. What was Paul saying about salvation through obeying God’s law (Galatians 2:17-19)?  Paul realized that he could not (and we cannot) be saved by obeying God’s laws.

6. What did Paul say about himself (Galatians 2:20a)? He said he had been crucified with Christ, that it was no longer him who lived, but Christ lived in him.

7. What did Paul say about the life he was now living (Galatians 2:20b)? Paul said the life he was living in the flesh, He was living by faith in the Son of God.

8. What did Paul say about the Son of God (Galatians 2:20c)? Paul said the Son of God loved him and gave Himself up for him.

9. Why did Paul say righteousness couldn’t be gained through the law (Galatians 2:21)? My Bible notes: When we believe we can earn God’s favor by what we do, we are not trusting completely in Christ’s work on the cross.

HEAR the WORD

Galatians 2:18 For if I build up again those things which I destroyed, I prove myself a law-breaker. 

MEDITATE on the WORD

Ponder the above verse.  My Bible notes: We must guard against the temptation of using service, good deeds, charitable giving or any other effort as a substitute for faith.  

MEMORIZE the WORD

Galatians 2:16 (NIV) Know that a man is not justified by observing the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. …

Galatians 2:20 (NIV) I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me.  The life I live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.

LOVE and LIVE the WORD

I purpose to love and live God’s Word which includes obeying His Word. 

TEACH and SHARE the WORD

Though the law cannot save anyone, after a person becomes a Christian, the law can guide them to live as God requires.

PRAY the WORD

Lord, thank You for not judging us by external appearance (Galatians 2:6).  Lord, I pray we will faithfully follow You (Galatians 2:14).  So, we will be justified by faith in You (Galatians 2:16).  Lord, I pray we will live for You (Galatians 2:19).  For we have been crucified with Christ and no longer live, but Christ lives in us.  And the life we live in the body, we live by faith in Your Son, who loved us and gave Himself for us (Galatians 2:20). Thank You for the grace You’ve shone on us (Galatians 2:21).  In Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.

ENCOURAGEMENT

“May you and I stay faithful to God.” <>< Dona