Scripture: Romans 13

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Submission To The Authorities

Romans 13:1-7 (KJV) (WEB) Let every soul be in subjection to the higher authorities, for there is no authority except from God, and those who exist are ordained by God. Therefore he who resists the authority withstands the ordinance of God; and those who withstand will receive to themselves judgment. For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. Do you desire to have no fear of the authority? Do that which is good, and you will have praise from the authority, for he is a servant of God to you for good. But if you do that which is evil, be afraid, for he doesn’t bear the sword in vain; for he is a servant of God, an avenger for wrath to him who does evil. Therefore you need to be in subjection, not only because of the wrath, but also for conscience’ sake. For this reason you also pay taxes, for they are servants of God’s service, continually doing this very thing. Therefore give everyone what you owe: if you owe taxes, pay taxes; if customs, then customs; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.

Questions and Answers:

1. Who should submit to the higher powers (governing authorities) and why (Romans 13:1)? Every soul is to submit to the higher powers (governing authorities) because the authorities that exist have been established by God.

2. What will happen to those who resist (rebel against) the power (authority) that God has established (Romans 13:2)?  Whoever resists the power (authority) God has established shall receive to themselves judgment.

3. How can we be free from fear of the one in authority (Romans 13:3)? To be free from the fear of those in authority we need to do what is right and we’ll be praised.

4. Who is a servant of God (Romans 13:3-4)? The one in authority is the servant of God, an avenger to execute wrath upon those who do evil.

5. What two reasons are given for submitting to the authorities over us (Romans 13:5)? It is necessary to submit to those over us because of possible punishment but also because of conscience’s sake.

6. Why should we pay tribute/taxes (Romans 13:6)? We should pay taxes because the authorities who are God’s servants give of their time to govern.

7. What should we give (Romans 13:7)? We should give everyone what we owe them – our taxes, our revenue, our respect and honor. 

Love, For The Day Is Near

Romans 13:8-14 (KJV) (WEB) Owe no one anything, except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other commandments there are, are all summed up in this saying, namely, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love doesn’t harm a neighbor. Love therefore is the fulfillment of the law. 11 Do this, knowing the time, that it is already time for you to awaken out of sleep, for salvation is now nearer to us than when we first believed. 12 The night is far gone, and the day is near. Let’s therefore throw off the deeds of darkness, and let’s put on the armor of light. 13 Let’s walk properly, as in the day; not in reveling and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and lustful acts, and not in strife and jealousy. 14 But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, for its lusts.

Questions and Answers:

1. What debt will remain (Romans 13:8)? The only debt we should let remain is to love one another, for he who loves his fellowman has fulfilled the law.

2. What commandment will sum up all the rest (Romans 13:9-10)? Thou shalt love they neighbor as thyself.

3.  What is nearer now than when we first believed (Romans 13:11)? Salvation is nearer than when we first believed.

4. What are we to cast off and what are we to put on (Romans 13:12)? The night is nearly over; the day is almost here.  So let us cast off the works (deeds) of darkness and put on the armor of light.

5. How are we to walk and not walk (Romans 13:13-14)? Let us walk honestly (behave decently), not in rioting (orgies), not in drunkenness, not in chambering (sexual immorality), not in wantonness (debauchery), not in strife (dissension) and not in envying (jealousy).  Rather let us put on (clothe ourselves with) the Lord Jesus Christ and not make provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts (nor think about how to gratify the desires of the sinful nature).


My Bible notes: Are there times when we should not submit to the government?  We should never allow government to force us to disobey God.  Jesus and His apostles never disobeyed the government for personal reasons; when they disobeyed, it was in order to follow their higher loyalty to God.  Like them, if we are compelled to disobey, we must be ready to accept the consequences. 


Ponder the above info.  Then think about this: Wherever we find ourselves, we must be responsible citizens, as well as responsible Christians. 


Romans 13:12 (NIV) The night is nearly over; the day is almost here.  So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.


To love and live as Jesus would have us to do; both our attitude as well as our actions are important.


When Christ returns, he wants to find us and those we have shared Him with clean in both mind and body.


Lord, I pray we will submit to those in authority (Romans 13:1).  Lord, I pray we will give everyone what we owe to them (Romans 13:7).  Lord, I pray we will continually and faithfully love one another (Romans 13:8).  Lord, I pray we will put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light (Romans 13:12). Lord, I pray we will indeed behave decently (Romans 13:13).  Lord, I pray we will clothe ourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ and not think about how to gratify the desires of the sinful nature (Romans 13:14). In Your Son, Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.


“May you and I live in God’s light.” <>< Dona