Scripture: Romans 11

(If you cannot view this entire post just click on the title above.)

READ and STUDY the WORD

The Remnant Of Israel

Romans 11:1-10 (WEB) I ask then, did God reject His people? May it never be! For I also am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God didn’t reject His people, which He foreknew. Or don’t you know what the Scripture says about Elijah? How he pleads with God against Israel: “Lord, they have killed Your prophets, they have broken down Your altars. I am left alone, and they seek my life.” But how does God answer him? “I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work. What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he didn’t obtain, but the chosen ones obtained it, and the rest were hardened. According as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, to this very day.” David says, “Let their table be made a snare, a trap, a stumbling block, and a retribution to them. 10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see. Always keep their backs bent.”

Questions and Answers:

1. Has God cast away (rejected) His people, the Jews (Romans 11:1-2a)? God has not cast away (rejected) His people.

2. When Elias (Elijah) appealed to God against the people of Israel how did God respond (Romans 11:2b-5)? God told Elias He had reserved for Himself seven thousand men, who had not bowed their knee to the image of Baal.

3. What is there even now (Romans 11:6)? And even now there is a remnant according to the election of grace.

Ingrafted Branches

Romans 11:11-24 (WEB) 11 I ask then, did they stumble that they might fall? May it never be! But by their fall salvation has come to the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy. 12 Now if their fall is the riches of the world, and their loss the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fullness? 13 For I speak to you who are Gentiles. Since then as I am an apostle to Gentiles, I glorify my ministry; 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh, and may save some of them. 15 For if the rejection of them is the reconciling of the world, what would their acceptance be, but life from the dead? 16 If the first fruit is holy, so is the lump. If the root is holy, so are the branches. 17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the root and of the richness of the olive tree, 18 don’t boast over the branches. But if you boast, it is not you who support the root, but the root supports you. 19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in.” 20 True; by their unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by your faith. Don’t be conceited, but fear; 21 for if God didn’t spare the natural branches, neither will He spare you. 22 See then the goodness and severity of God. Toward those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness; otherwise you also will be cut off. 23 They also, if they don’t continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree, and were grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree, how much more will these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

Questions and Answers:

1. What happened through the Jews fall (Romans 11:11)? Through their fall salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel jealous.

2. What has the Jews’ fall accomplished for the world and for the Gentiles (Romans 11:12)? The Jews’ fall means riches for the world and for the Gentiles.

3. What was Paul hoping would happen to the Gentiles (Romans 11:13-14)? Paul was hoping that the Gentiles would themselves be jealous and be saved.

4. What did Paul say concerning the rejection and the acceptance of salvation (Romans 11:15)? Paul said if the Jews’ rejection was the reconciliation of the world, what would their acceptance be but life from the dead.

5. What did Paul say about the branches of the olive tree  (Romans 11:16-18a)? Paul said if the part of the dough offered at firstfruits was holy, then the whole batch was holy; if the root was holy, so were the branches. If some of branches had been broken off, and the Gentiles had been grafted in among the others and shared in the nourishing sap from the olive root, they shouldn’t boast. 

6. What did Paul tell them to consider (Romans 11:18b-20a)? Paul asked them to consider that they didn’t support the root, but the root supported them. The branches were broken off but they were broken off because of (the Jews’) unbelief  and they the Gentiles were standing by faith.

7. What did Paul tell them then (Romans 11:20b-21)? Paul told them to not be highminded, but be afraid for if God didn’t spare the natural branches he would not spare them either.

8. What did Paul say about God’s goodness and severity (Romans 11:22)? They were told to behold (consider) the goodness and severity of God.  On the Jews fell severity. Toward them, the Gentiles, goodness, would fall if they continued in God’s goodness.  But otherwise they too would be cut off.

9. What did Paul say about the future of the Jews (Romans 11:23-24)? If the Jews turned from unbelief they could be grafted back in, for God is able to graft them in again.

All Israel Will Be Saved

Romans 11:25-36 (WEB) 25 For I don’t desire you to be ignorant, brothers, of this mystery, so that you won’t be wise in your own conceits, that a partial hardening has happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in, 26 and so all Israel will be saved. Even as it is written, “There will come out of Zion the Deliverer, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. 27 This is My covenant with them, when I will take away their sins.” 28 Concerning the Good News, they are enemies for your sake. But concerning the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sake. 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30 For as you in time past were disobedient to God, but now have obtained mercy by their disobedience, 31 even so these also have now been disobedient, that by the mercy shown to you they may also obtain mercy. 32 For God has bound all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all. 33 Oh the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past tracing out! 34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been His counselor?” 35 “Or who has first given to Him, and it will be repaid to him again?” 36 For of Him, and through Him, and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory for ever! Amen.

Questions and Answers:

1. What has happened to Israel and why (Romans 11:25-28)? Blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fulness of the Gentiles has come.  And so all Israel will be saved. (F.Y.I. Israel as it is used in these verses could mean the actually Jewish born citizens who will be alive when Christ returns; it could mean the “spiritual” Israel made of both Jews and Gentiles; or perhaps Israel as a whole will have a role in Christ’s kingdom.)

2. What are (irrevocable) without repentance (Romans 11:29)? God’s gifts and His call are without repentance (that is irrevocable).

3.  Through what and whom has the Gentiles obtained mercy (Romans 11:30)? The Gentiles have obtained mercy through the Jew’s unbelief (disobedience).

4. Through what and whom may the Jews obtain mercy (Romans 11:31)? The Jews may obtain mercy through the mercy God has shown the Gentiles. 

5. How is God described (Romans 11:33-36)? God has wisdom and knowledge.  His judgments are unsearchable.  His ways are not traceable.  For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. And to Him be the glory forever.

HEAR the WORD

Romans 11:5-10 (WEB) Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work. What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he didn’t obtain, but the chosen ones obtained it, and the rest were hardened. According as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, to this very day.” David says, “Let their table be made a snare, a trap, a stumbling block, and a retribution to them. 10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see. Always keep their backs bent.”

MEDITATE on the WORD

Ponder the above verses. My Bible notes: Concerning verse 6 – Do you think some people’s behavior is so bad that God couldn’t possible save them?  If you ever think this way, you don’t entirely understand that salvation is by grace, a free gift.  It cannot be earned, in whole or in part; it can only be accepted with thankfulness and praise. Concerning verse 7 – “the rest of them became hardened” was God’s punishment for their sin.  It was a confirmation of their own stubbornness.  Concerning verses 8, 9 and 10 – These verses describe the punishment for hardened hearts predicted by the prophet Isaiah (see Isaiah 6:9-13).  If people refuse to hear God’s Good News, they eventually will be unable to understand it. 

MEMORIZE the WORD

Romans 11:29 (NIV) For God’s gifts and His call are irrevocable.

LOVE and LIVE the WORD

We, believers, are called by God.

TEACH and SHARE the WORD

And we are called by God to share our faith with others.

PRAY the WORD

Lord, thank You for Your grace toward us (Romans 11:5).  Lord, I pray we will indeed be holy (Romans 11:16).  Lord, thank You for grafting us in (Romans 11:17-21).  Thank You for Your gifts and Your call (Romans 11:29).  To You Lord be glory forever (Romans 11:36).  In Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.

ENCOURAGEMENT

“May you and I share our faith with others.” <>< Dona