Scripture: Romans 9

(If you cannot view this entire post just click on the title above.)

READ and STUDY the WORD

God’s Sovereign Choice

Romans 9:1-29 (WEB) I tell the truth in Christ. I am not lying, my conscience testifying with me in the Holy Spirit that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart. For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers’ sake, my relatives according to the flesh who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service, and the promises; of whom are the fathers, and from whom is Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God, blessed forever. Amen. But it is not as though the word of God has come to nothing. For they are not all Israel that are of Israel. Neither, because they are Abraham’s offspring, are they all children. But, “your offspring will be accounted as from Isaac.” That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as heirs. For this is a word of promise, “At the appointed time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.” 10 Not only so, but Rebekah also conceived by one, by our father Isaac. 11 For being not yet born, neither having done anything good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, “The elder will serve the younger.” 13 Even as it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” 14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? May it never be! 15 For He said to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.” 16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I caused you to be raised up, that I might show in you My power, and that My name might be proclaimed in all the earth.” 18 So then, He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires. 19 You will say then to me, “Why does He still find fault? For who withstands His will?” 20 But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed ask Him who formed it, “Why did you make me like this?” 21 Or hasn’t the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor? 22 What if God, willing to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 23 and that He might make known the riches of His glory on vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory, 24 us, whom He also called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles? 25 As He says also in Hosea, “I will call them ‘My people,’ which were not My people; and her ‘beloved,’ who was not beloved.” 26 “It will be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they will be called ‘children of the living God.’” 27 Isaiah cries concerning Israel, “If the number of the children of Israel are as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant who will be saved; 28 for He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, because the Lord will make a short work upon the earth.” 29 As Isaiah has said before, “Unless the Lord of Armies had left us a seed, we would have become like Sodom, and would have been made like Gomorrah.”

Questions and Answers:

1. What was Paul experiencing (Romans 9:1-2)? Paul was experiencing a great heaviness and continual sorrow in his heart.

2. For what does Paul wish (Romans 9:3-4) Paul wishes for the sake of his brothers, his kinsmen, the people of Israel, that he could bear their punishment so he could save them.

3. Who is God over all (Romans 9:5)? Christ is God over all.

4. Who are the true children (offsprings) of Abraham (Romans (9:6-8)? It is not the natural children (the children of the flesh) who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring (Abraham’s seed).

5. What is of God’s choosing and doesn’t necessarily line up with our desire or efforts (Romans 9:14-18)? God has mercy on whom He chooses.  And He will have compassion on whom He chooses.

6. Why shouldn’t we question God (Romans 9:19-21)? The Creator, God, has control over us, the created.  We have no right to demand anything from our Creator.  Our very existence depends on Him.

7. What does God say through the prophet about His people (Romans 9:25-26)? God says through the prophet Hosea that He would call those who were not His people – His people. He would call those who were not beloved – beloved. And they will be called sons of the Living God.

8. What does Isaiah say about the God’s people (Romans 9:27-29)? Only a remnant will be saved from God’s judgment.  God will execute His Word upon the earth, concluding His dealings with mankind.  If God had not left a remnant, the Israelites would have ended up like Sodom and Gomorrah.

Israel’s Unbelief

Romans 9:30-33 (WEB) 30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who didn’t follow after righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith; 31 but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, didn’t arrive at the law of righteousness. 32 Why? Because they didn’t seek it by faith, but as it were by works of the law. They stumbled over the stumbling stone; 33 even as it is written, “Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and a rock of offense; and no one who believes in Him will be disappointed.”

Questions and Answers:

1.How did the Gentiles attain righteousness (Romans 9:30)? Righteousness (right standing with God) is through faith.

2. Why didn’t many of the people of Israel attain righteousness (Romans 9:31-32a)? The people of Israel were trying to get right with God by keeping the law instead of trusting in Him.

3. Over what/who did Jerusalem stumble (Romans 9:32b)? Jerusalem was tripped up by a stumbling stone and rock of offence who was actually Jesus in whom they didn’t believe.

HEAR the WORD

Romans 9:22-24 (WEB) 22 What if God, willing to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 23 and that He might make known the riches of His glory on vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory, 24 us, whom He also called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles?

Romans 9:22-24 (AMP) 22 What if God, although willing to show His [terrible] wrath and to make His power known, has tolerated with great patience the objects of His wrath [which are] prepared for destruction? 23 And what if He has done so to make known the riches of His glory to the objects of His mercy, which He has prepared beforehand for glory, 24 including us, whom He also called, not only from among the Jews, but also from among the Gentiles? 

Romans 9:22-24 (NLT) 22 In the same way, even though God has the right to show His anger and His power, He is very patient with those on whom His anger falls, who are destined for destruction. 23 He does this to make the riches of His glory shine even brighter on those to whom He shows mercy, who were prepared in advance for glory. 24 And we are among those whom He selected, both from the Jews and from the Gentiles.

MEDITATE on the WORD

Ponder the above verses.  My thoughts: God created us and has given us a free will.  Because of this free will of ours, I believe a person is “destined for destruction” because they’ve chosen to reject God.  And I believe a person is “prepared in advance for glory” because they’ve chosen to follow God.  What are your thoughts?

MEMORIZE the WORD

Romans 9:33 (NIV) As it is written: “See, I lay in Zion a stone that causes men to stumble and a rock that makes them fall, and the one who trusts in Him will never be put to shame.”

LOVE and LIVE the WORD

God calls those who seek to follow Him His people and His loved ones.

TEACH and SHARE the WORD

Encourage others to seek a relationship with the God who calls them His people and His loved ones.

PRAY the WORD

Lord, thank You for being God over all (Romans 9:5).  Lord, I ask You to have mercy and compassion on me and my loved ones (Romans 9:14-15). Lord, I pray Your power will be displayed in us and Your name will be proclaimed in all the earth (Romans 9:17). Lord, thank You for calling us Your people and Your loved ones (Romans 9:25). Lord, I pray we will seek righteousness that is by faith (Romans 9:30). Lord, I pray we will indeed trust in Jesus (Romans 9:33).  In His name I pray.  AMEN.

ENCOURAGEMENT

“May you and I put our faith and trust in Christ Jesus.” <>< Dona