Scripture: Romans 5

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Peace And Joy

Romans 5:1-11 (WEB) Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; through whom we also have our access by faith into this grace in which we stand. We rejoice in hope of the glory of God. Not only this, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces perseverance; and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope: and hope doesn’t disappoint us, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. For while we were yet weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous man. Yet perhaps for a good person someone would even dare to die. But God commends His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by His blood, we will be saved from God’s wrath through Him. 10 For if while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, we will be saved by His life. 11 Not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

Questions and Answers:

1. How do we have peace with God through Jesus Christ (Romans 5:1)? By being justified (declared right) by faith we have peace (no hostility) with God through Jesus Christ.

2. What do we have access to by faith (Romans 5:2a)? We have access by faith into the grace (the place of highest privilege) in which we now stand.

3. In what can we rejoice (Romans 5:2b-3a)? We can glory (rejoice) in the glory of God.  And we also can glory (rejoice) in our tribulations (sufferings).

4. Why should we glory (rejoice) in tribulations (Romans 5:3b-5)? We should glory in tribulations because tribulations work (produce) patience, and patience, (produces) experience; and experience, (produces) hope: And hope doesn’t make us ashamed (or disappoint us); because the love of God is shed (poured) abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost (Spirit), whom God has given us. 

5. When did Christ Jesus die for the ungodly (Romans 5:6)? At just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly.

6. How did God commend (demonstrate) His love for us (Romans 5:8)?  God commended His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

7. What did Christ Jesus’ blood do for us (Romans 5:9a)? Through His blood, Christ Jesus’ justified us (declared us right with God).

8. From what and through whom are we saved (Romans 5:9b)? We are saved from wrath through Christ Jesus.

9. How were we reconciled to God (Romans 5:10)? While we were yet enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son. And much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by Christ Jesus’ life.

Death Through Adam, Life Through Christ

Romans 5:12-21 (WEB) 12 Therefore as sin entered into the world through one man, and death through sin; so death passed to all men, because all sinned. 13 For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not charged when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those whose sins weren’t like Adam’s disobedience, who is a foreshadowing of Him who was to come. 15 But the free gift isn’t like the trespass. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many. 16 The gift is not as through one who sinned; for the judgment came by one to condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses to justification. 17 For if by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; so much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ. 18 So then as through one trespass, all men were condemned; even so through one act of righteousness, all men were justified to life. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous. 20 The law came in that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace abounded more exceedingly; 21 that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Questions and Answers:

1. How did sin enter into the world (Romans 5:12a)? Sin entered into the world through one man.

2.  How did death enter the world (Romans 5:12b)? Death came through sin.

3. Why did death come to all men (Romans 5:12c)? Death came to all men because all have sinned.

4. What has abounded (overflowed) to many (Romans 5:15)? The free gift of God’s grace through Jesus Christ.

5. What did God’s gift bring (Romans 5:16)? God’s gift brought justification. 

6. Who shall reign in life through Jesus Christ (Romans 5:17)? Those who receive God’s abundant grace and the gift of righteousness shall reign in (eternal) life by (through) Jesus Christ.

7. What did Jesus’ righteousness bring (Romans 5:18)? Jesus’ righteousness was the justification that brought life for all men.

8. How were many made sinners (Romans 5:19a)? By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners. 

9. How are many being made righteous (Romans 5:19b)? By the obedience of One (Christ Jesus) many are made righteous.

10. What reigned unto (in) death and what reigns unto (in) life (Romans 5:21)? Sin reigned in death. So grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


Romans 5:13-14 13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.  14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of Him that was to come. 


Ponder the above verses.  What do they mean? (In previous verses Paul has shown that keeping the law does not bring salvation.)   My Bible notes: Here (in Romans 5:13-14) Paul adds that breaking the law is not what brings death.  Death is the result of Adam’s sin and of the sins we all commit, even if they don’t resemble Adam’s.  The law was added, he explains in Romans 5:20, to help people see their sinfulness, to show them the seriousness of their offenses, and to drive them to God for mercy and pardon.  The law points out our sin and places the responsibility for it squarely on our shoulders.  But the law offers no remedy.  When we are convicted of sin, we must turn to Jesus Christ for healing.


Romans 5:8 (NIV) … God demonstrated His own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.


God loved us so much He sent His Son to give His life for us.  If we truly love Him we will choose to live as free from sin as possible and immediately repent when we find we have sinned.


And we need to share with others what Christ Jesus did for us.


Lord, I pray we will experience Your peace through our faith in Your Son (Romans 5:1). Lord, I pray we will rejoice in the hope of Your glory (Romans 5:2). Lord, I pray we will understand and accept that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance produces character; character produces hope. And hope does not disappoint us, because You have poured out Your love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit whom You have given us (Romans 5:3-5).  It’s still amazing that Your Son, Christ Jesus died for the ungodly (Romans 5:6-7).  It’s amazing that You loved us while we were still sinners and sacrificed Christ for us (Romans 5:8). Thank You Lord for reconciling us to Yourself (Romans 5:11).  Thank You for extending Your grace to us (Romans 5:20-21).  In Your Son Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.


“May you and I continually show gratitude for all God’s done for us.” <>< Dona