Scripture: Romans 4

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Abraham Justified By Faith

Romans 4:1-25 (WEB) What then will we say that Abraham, our forefather, has found according to the flesh? For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not toward God. For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” Now to him who works, the reward is not counted as grace, but as something owed. But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness. Even as David also pronounces blessing on the man to whom God counts righteousness apart from works, “Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man whom the Lord will by no means charge with sin.”  Is this blessing then pronounced on the circumcised, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How then was it counted? When he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11 He received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they might be in uncircumcision, that righteousness might also be accounted to them. 12 He is the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had in uncircumcision. 13 For the promise to Abraham and to his offspring that he should be heir of the world wasn’t through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of no effect. 15 For the law produces wrath, for where there is no law, neither is there disobedience. 16 For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace, to the end that the promise may be sure to all the offspring, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all. 17 As it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations.” This is in the presence of Him whom he believed: God, who gives life to the dead, and calls the things that are not, as though they were. 18 Besides hope, Abraham in hope believed, to the end that he might become a father of many nations, according to that which had been spoken, “So will your offspring be.” 19 Without being weakened in faith, he didn’t consider his own body, already having been worn out, (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s womb. 20 Yet, looking to the promise of God, he didn’t waver through unbelief, but grew strong through faith, giving glory to God, 21 and being fully assured that what He had promised, He was also able to perform. 22 Therefore it also was “credited to him for righteousness.” 23 Now it was not written that it was accounted to him for his sake alone, 24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be accounted, who believe in Him who raised Jesus, our Lord, from the dead, 25 who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our justification.

Questions and Answers:

1. What is said about Abraham’s faith (Romans 4:3)?  Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto (credited to) him as righteousness.

2. What is said about man’s work toward belief in God (Romans 4:4)? A man’s wages are not credited to him as grace (a gift) but as a debt (obligation).

3. What is said about a man who doesn’t work toward his belief in God (Romans 4:5)? To a man who doesn’t work but trusts God, his faith is credited as righteousness.

4. What is said about receiving righteousness by working (Romans 4:6)? God imputes (credits) righteousness apart from works.

5. Who is blessed (Romans 4:7-8)? Blessed are they whose iniquities (transgressions) are forgiven and whose sins are covered.  Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute (count against them) their sin.

6. Of whom is Abraham the father (Romans 4:9-12)? Abraham is father of both the circumcised and the uncircumcised.

7. Through what did Abraham and his offspring receive the promise (Romans 4:13)? The promise was not through the law but through the righteousness that comes by faith.

8. What is void and made of none effect and why is this so (Romans 4:14-15)? If those who live by the law are heirs then faith would be void (have no value) and the promise would be made of none effect (worthless). 

9. To whom is the promise guaranteed (Romans 4:16)? The promise is guaranteed to all of Abraham’s offspring – not only of those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham.

10. What does God do (Romans 4:17)? God gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were.

11. At what did Abraham not stagger (Romans 4:20-21)? Abraham didn’t stagger at the promise of God, but was strong in faith, giving glory to God. Abraham was fully persuaded that what God promised He would perform.

12. To whom was righteousness imputed (Romans 4:22-25)? Righteousness was imputed to both Abraham and us, if we believe on God who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead. Jesus was delivered for our offences and raised again for our justification.  


Romans 4:13 (KJV) For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.

Romans 4:13 (NLT) Clearly, God’s promise to give the whole earth to Abraham and his descendants was based not on his obedience to God’s law, but on a right relationship with God that comes by faith.

Romans 4:13 (GNT) When God promised Abraham and his descendants that the world would belong to him, He did so, not because Abraham obeyed the Law, but because he believed and was accepted as righteous by God.


Ponder the above verses.  Have you learned something new?  Has something become clearer to you? My thought: I keep forgetting I’m an heir to Jesus through being a descendant of Abraham.   


Romans 4:20-21 (NIV) Yet he (Abraham) did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God, being fully persuaded that God had power to do what He had promised.


I purpose to live trusting God can do what He has promised.


I purpose to encourage others to do the same.


Lord, I pray we will be like Abraham and believe You and therefore our faith will be credited to us as righteousness (Romans 4:3-5).  Lord, I pray we will seek repentance of our sins so our sins will not be counted against us (Romans 4:7-8). Lord, I pray we will trust You to bring into our life what You desire us to have (Romans 4:17). Lord, I pray we will indeed be strengthened in our faith and give glory to You because You are answer to our every prayer (Romans 4:20-21).  Thank You Lord for sending Your Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord (Romans 4:24-25). In His name I pray.  AMEN.


“May you and I stay faithful to God.” <>< Dona