Scripture: Acts 4

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READ and STUDY the WORD

Peter And John Before The Sanhedrin

Acts 4:1-22 (KJV) And as they (Peter and John) spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them, Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead.  And they laid hands on them, and put them in hold unto the next day: for it was now eventide.  Howbeit many of them which heard the word believed; and the number of the men was about five thousand.  And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.  And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?  Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, If we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is made whole; 10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by Him doth this man stand here before you whole.  11 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.  12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.  13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.  14 And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it.  15 But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves, 16 Saying, What shall we do to these men? for that indeed a notable miracle hath been done by them is manifest to all them that dwell in Jerusalem; and we cannot deny it.  17 But that it spread no further among the people, let us straitly threaten them, that they speak henceforth to no man in this name.  18 And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.  19 But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye.  20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.  21 So when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding nothing how they might punish them, because of the people: for all men glorified God for that which was done.  22 For the man was above forty years old, on whom this miracle of healing was shewed.

Questions:

1. Why were some grieved with what Peter and John said (Acts 4:1-2)?

2. What did they do to Peter and John (Acts 4:3)?

3. What did some do who heard Peter and John (Acts 4:4)?

4. About what were Peter and John asked (Acts 4:7)?

5. What was their answer (Acts 4:10)?

6. What did Peter say about Jesus (Acts 4:11-12)?

7. What did the council decide to do with Peter and John (Acts 4:15-18)?

8. How did the council’s words affect Peter and John (Acts 4:19-20)?

9. Then what did the council do to Peter and John (Acts 4:21)?

Answers:

1. They were grieved that Peter and John were teaching and preaching to the people about Jesus’ resurrection from the dead. 

2. Peter and John were arrested.

3. Many of those who heard the word believed. 

4. Peter and John were asked, by what power, or by what name, they were able to do what they had done (see Acts 3:1-8).

5. Peter said, “Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by Him doth this man stand here before you whole.” 

6. Peter said Jesus was the stone that the builders rejected. which had become the head of the corner.  Peter said salvation is found in no one else for there is no other name under heaven given to men, whereby we must be saved. 

7. The council couldn’t deny the miracle, but in order for the story to spread they decided to threaten Peter and John. And the council told them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.

8. Peter and John answered and said unto them, “Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye.  For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.” 

9. When the council had further threatened Peter and John they let them go. 

The Believers’ Prayer

Acts 4:23-31 (KJV)  23 And being let go, they went to their own company (own people), and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said unto them.  24 And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is: 25 Who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things?  26 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against His Christ.  27 For of a truth against Thy holy child Jesus, whom Thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, 28 For to do whatsoever Thy hand and Thy counsel determined before to be done.  29 And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto Thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak Thy word, 30 By stretching forth Thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of Thy holy child Jesus.  31 And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness. 

Questions:

1.Where did Peter and John go after being released (Acts 4:23)?

2.What was the response (Acts 4:24-30)?

3.What happened when they had prayed (Acts 4:31)?

Answers:

1.Peter and John went to their own company and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said unto them.

2.They lifted up their voice with one accord praying and praising God.

3. When they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and they spoke the word of God with boldness.

Acts 4:32-37 (KJV) 32 And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul: neither said any of them that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common.  33 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.  34 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the prices of the things that were sold, 35 And laid them down at the apostles’ feet: and distribution was made unto every man according as he had need.  36 And Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas, (which is, being interpreted, The son of consolation,) a Levite, and of the country of Cyprus, 37 Having land, sold it, and brought the money, and laid it at the apostles’ feet.

Questions:

1 .How was the multitude that believed described (Acts 4:32, 34-37)?

2. What did the apostles do (Acts 4:33)?

Answers:

1. The believing multitude was described as being of one heart and one soul.  They claimed nothing as their possession alone, but had all things in common. From time to time those who owned land and houses sold them and the money was brought to the apostles.

2. The apostles with great power continued to testify to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus and much grace was upon them all.

HEAR the WORD

Acts 4:29 And now, Lord, behold their threats (the councils): and grant unto Thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak Thy word.

MEDITATE on the WORD

Ponder the verse above.  This was part of the believers’ prayer when Peter and John returned home and reported what the council had said to them.  My Bible notes: Boldness is not reckless impulsiveness.  Boldness requires courage to press on through our fears and do what we know is right.

MEMORIZE the WORD

Acts 4:12 Salvation is found in no one else (only Christ Jesus), for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved.

LOVE and LIVE the WORD

Steps to gain boldness: 1. Pray for the power of the Holy Spirit; 2. Look for opportunities in your family and neighborhood to talk about Christ; 3. Realize that rejection, social discomfort and embarrassment are not necessarily persecution; 4. Start where you are by being bolder in small ways.

TEACH and SHARE the WORD

We need to pray with others for courage.

PRAY the WORD

Lord, I pray we will speak Your Word with great boldness (Acts 4:29).  Lord, I pray the Holy Spirit will do the talking through us (Acts 4:31).  Lord, I pray we will testify to Your Son, Christ Jesus’ resurrection (Acts 4:33a). Lord I pray Your grace will be upon us (Acts 4:33b).  Lord, I pray we will share what we have with those in need (Acts 4:34).  In Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.

ENCOURAGEMENT

“May you and I be bold.” <>< Dona