Scripture: Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; Luke23:13-25; John 18:38-19:16

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Pilate Hands Jesus Over To Be Crucified

Matthew 27:15-26 (KJV) 15 Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.  16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.  17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?  18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered (Jesus to) him. 19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of Him.  20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.  21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.  22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let Him be crucified.  23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath He done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let Him be crucified.  24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. 25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. 26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.

Mark 15:6-15 (KJV) Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.  And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.  And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.  But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews?  10 For he knew that the chief priests had delivered Him for envy.  11 But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.  12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto Him whom ye call the King of the Jews? 13 And they cried out again, Crucify Him.  14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath He done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify Him. 15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged Him, to be crucified.

Luke 23:13-25 (KJV) 13 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14 Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse Him:15 No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to Him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto Him.  16 I will therefore chastise Him, and release Him.  17 (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)  18 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas: 19 (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)  20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them.  21 But they cried, saying, Crucify Him, crucify Him.  22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath He done? I have found no cause of death in Him: I will therefore chastise Him, and let Him go.  23 And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that He might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.  24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required.  25 And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.

John 18:38-19:16 (KJV) 38 Pilate saith unto Him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in Him no fault at all.  39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?  40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

John 19:1-16 (KJV) Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged HimAnd the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe, And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote Him with their hands.  Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring Him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in Him.  Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!  When the chief priests therefore and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, Crucify Him, crucify Him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye Him, and crucify Him: for I find no fault in Him.  The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art Thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.  10 Then saith Pilate unto Him, Speakest Thou not unto me? knowest Thou not that I have power to crucify Thee, and have power to release Thee? 11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against Me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered Me unto thee hath the greater sin.  12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release Him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.  13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.  14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! 15 But they cried out, Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.  16 Then delivered he Him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led Him away.


1. What did Pilate believe was the reason Jesus was brought before him (Matthew 27:18; Mark 15:10)?

2. Who warned Pilate to have nothing to do with Jesus and what was their reason (Matthew 27:19)?

3. Who persuaded the multitude to ask for Barabbas to be released and for Jesus to be destroyed (Matthew 27:20-22; Mark 15:11)?

4. What question did Pilate ask and what was the response (Matthew 27:23; Mark 15:14; Luke 23:22-23)?

5. When Pilate saw he couldn’t save Jesus what did he do (Matthew 27:24; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:25).

6. What did the soldiers do to Jesus (John 19:2; 3b)?

7. What did the soldiers say to Jesus (John 19:3a)?

8. What did Pilate do and say after the soldiers mistreated Jesus (John 19:4)?

9. When Pilate said he found no fault in Jesus what did the Jews say (John 19:6-7)?

10. What did Pilate say about power (John 19:10)?

11. What did Jesus say about power (John 19:11)?

12. What did Pilate do with Jesus (John 19:16)?


1. Pilate believed it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to him.

2. Pilate’s wife told Pilate to have nothing to do with the just man, Jesus, because of a dream she had had.

3. The chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude to ask for Barabbas and to reject Jesus.

4. Pilate asked what evil had Jesus done and the response was to let Jesus be crucified.

5. When Pilate realized he couldn’t save Jesus he took water, washed his hands before the multitude, said he was innocent of the blood of Jesus, and told the multitude they were responsible. Pilate released Barabbas. And Pilate scourged Jesus and delivered Jesus to be crucified.

6. The soldiers platted a crown of thorns, put it on Jesus’ head, put on Him a purple robe and smote Him with their hands.

7. The soldiers said to Jesus, “Hail, King of the Jews!”

8. Pilate went forth again, and said He found no fault in Jesus.  

9. The Jews said they had a law and by their law Jesus ought to dies because He made Himself the Son of God.

10. Pilate said he had power to crucify or release Jesus.

11. Jesus said, “Thou couldest have no power at all against Me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered Me unto thee hath the greater sin.”

12. Pilate delivered Jesus to be crucified.  He was led away.  


John 19:11 (NIV) Jesus answered, “You would have no power over Me if it were not given to you from above.  Therefore the one who handed Me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.”


Ponder the above verse.  My Bible notes: Jesus knew God’s plan and He knew the reason for His trial.  It was really Pilate and the religious leaders who were on trial, not Jesus.  In this verse Jesus was not excusing Pilate for reacting to the political pressure placed on him.  Pilate was responsible for his decision about Jesus.  But Caiaphas and the other religious leaders were guilty of a greater sin because they premeditated Jesus’ murder.  


John 19:11a (NIV) “You would have no power over Me (Jesus) if it were not given to you from above. …


When we are questioned or ridiculed because of our faith, we need to remember that while we may be on trial before our accusers, they are on trial before God.


We must stand firm in our faith.  And encourage others to do so too.


Lord, I pray we will not buckle under pressure, but will stand firm in our faith and trust Your plan (John 19:11).  In Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.


“May you and I stand firm in our faith.” <>< Dona