Scripture: Matthew 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44; Matthew 23:1-12; Mark 12:38-40; Luke 20:45-47

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READ and STUDY the WORD

Religious Leaders Cannot Answer Jesus’ Question

Matthew 22:41-46 (KJV) 41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is He? They say unto Him, The son of David.  43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call Him Lord, saying, 44 The Lord said unto My Lord, Sit Thou on My right hand, till I make Thine enemies Thy footstool?  45 If David then call Him Lord, how is He his son?  46 And no man was able to answer Him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask Him any more questions.

Mark 12:35-37 (KJV) 35 And Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David?  36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The Lord said to My Lord, Sit Thou on My right hand, till I make Thine enemies Thy footstool.  37 David therefore himself calleth Him Lord; and whence is He then his son? And the common people heard Him gladly.

Luke 20:41-44 (KJV) 41 And Jesus said unto them, How say they that Christ is David’s son?  42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto My Lord, Sit thou on My right hand, 43 Till I make Thine enemies Thy footstool.  44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is He then his son?

Questions:

1.Whose son did the Pharisees believe Jesus was (Matthew 22:41-42)?

2.Why couldn’t Jesus be David’s son (Matthew 22:45)?

Answers:

1.The Pharisees believed Jesus was the son of David.

2. David called Jesus Lord, so he couldn’t be David’s son.

Jesus Warns Against The Religious Leaders

Matthew 23:1-12 (KJV) Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to His disciples, Saying The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.  For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.  But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.  But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.  And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.  10 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ.  11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.  12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Mark 12:38-40 (KJV) 38 And Jesus said unto them in His doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces, 39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:  40 Which devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

Luke 20:45-47 (KJV) 45 Then in the audience of all the people Jesus said unto His disciples, 46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts; 47 Which devour widows’ houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

Questions:

1. How did the Pharisees treat the common man (Matthew 23:4a)?

2. How did the Pharisees handle heavy burdens (Matthew 23:4b)?

3. By whom were the Pharisees trying to be seen (Matthew 23:5)?

4. What did the Pharisees love (Matthew 23:6-7; Mark 12:38; Luke 20:46)?

5. What did the Pharisees do concerning widows and prayer (Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47)?

6. Who is really Master (Matthew 23:8, 10)?

7. Who is to be called Father (Matthew 23:9)?

8. Who will be humbled and who will be exalted (Matthew 23:12)?

Answers:

1. The Pharisees bound heavy burdens upon men’s shoulders.

2. The Pharisees didn’t bother themselves with the burdens they put upon the common man.

3. The Pharisees did all their works to be seen of men.

4. The Pharisees loved the uppermost rooms at feasts and the chief seats in the synagogue.  And they loved being greeted in the markets and being called Rabbi. They loved to walk about in long clothing/robes.

5. The Pharisees devoured widow’s houses and prayed long prayer for show.

6. Christ is Master.

7. God in heaven is called Father.

8. Jesus said, “whoever exalts himself will be abased, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”

HEAR the WORD

Matthew 22:45 “If David then call Him Lord, how is He his son?” 

Mark 12:37 “David therefore himself calleth Him Lord; and whence is He then his son?”

Luke 20:44 “David therefore calleth him Lord, how is He then his son?”

MEDITATE on the WORD

Ponder the verses above.  Jesus turned the tables on the Pharisees by asking them How was it that the Christ could also be the Son of David.  My Bible notes: The Pharisees knew that the Messiah would be a descendant of David but they didn’t understand that He would be God Himself.  Jesus quoted Psalm 110:1 to show that the Messiah would be greater than David.  David considered the Messiah to be his Lord, not just his son (descendant).  The religious leaders didn’t understand that the Messiah would be far more than a human descendant of David, He would be God in the flesh. The Messiah would be both human and divine.  The Pharisees expected only a human ruler to restore Israel’s greatness.

MEMORIZE the WORD

Matthew 23:12 (NIV) Jesus said, “For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”

LOVE and LIVE the WORD

The central issue of life is what we believe about Jesus.  Do you believe Jesus is the Messiah?  I do.

TEACH and SHARE the WORD

If you have received Jesus as your Messiah, your Savior share that fact with others.

PRAY the WORD

Lord, I believe Jesus is the Messiah and a descendant of both man and You.  Lord, I pray we will humble ourselves before You (Matthew 23:12).  In Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.

ENCOURAGEMENT

“May you and I serve God.” <>< Dona