Scripture: Matthew 21:28-32; Matthew 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12; Luke 20:9-19

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READ and STUDY the WORD

Jesus Tells The Parable Of The Two Sons

Matthew 21:28-32 (KJV) Jesus said, 28 But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work today in my vineyard.  29 He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.  30 And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not. 31 Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.  32 For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

Questions:

1. What did the first son say when his father asked him to go work in his vineyard (Matthew 21:28-29)?

2. What did the second son say when his father asked him to go work in his vineyard (Matthew 21:30)?

3. According to those (chief priests and elders) Jesus was telling this parable to, which son did the will of their father (Matthew 21:31a)?

4. Who did Jesus say would enter the kingdom of heaven before those to whom He was telling the parable (Matthew 21:31b)?

5. According to Jesus, who didn’t believe John and who did believe John (Matthew 21:32)?

Answers:

1. The first son said he wouldn’t go work in the vineyard but then repented and went.

2. The second son said he would go and then didn’t.

3. The first son did the will of his father.

4. Jesus said the publicans and the harlots would enter ahead of those (the chief priests and elders) listening to Him.

5. Jesus said those He was speaking to had not believed John but the publicans and the harlots did.  

Jesus Tells The Parable of The Wicked Tenants

Matthew 21:33-46 (KJV) Jesus said,33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen (farmers), and went into a far country: 34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.  35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.  36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.  37 But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.  38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.  39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.  40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?  41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.  42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?  43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.  44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.  45 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard His parables, they perceived that He spake of them.  46 But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they feared the multitude, because they took Him for a prophet.

Mark 12:1-12 (KJV) And Jesus began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winepress, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.  And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.  And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.  And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.  And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.  Having yet therefore one son, his well-beloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son. But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.’  And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.  What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. 10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: 11 This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?  12 And they sought to lay hold on Him, but feared the people: for they knew that He had spoken the parable against them: and they left Him, and went their way.

Luke 20:9-19 (KJV) Then began Jesus to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.  10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty.  11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.  12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.  13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.  14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.  15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?  16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.  17 And He beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?  18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.  19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on Him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that He had spoken this parable against them.

Questions:

1. According to Jesus’ parable what did the householder (landowner) do once he planted his vineyard (Matthew 21:33; Mark 12:1; Luke 20:9)?

2. When harvest time approached what did the landowner do (Matthew 21:34; Mark 12:2; Luke 20:10a)?

3. What did the renters do to the servants (Matthew 21:35-36; Mark 12:3-5; Luke 20:10b-12)?

4. Lastly who did the landowner sent to receive the harvest (Matthew 21:37; Mark 12:6; Luke 20:13)?

5. What did the farmers do to the landowner’s son (Matthew 21:38-39; Mark 12:7-8; Luke 20:14-15a)?

6. According to those listening to the parable what should happen to the renters (Matthew 21:40-42; Mark 12:9; Luke 20:15b-16)?

7. When the chief priest and the Pharisees heard the parables of whom did they believe Jesus was talking (Matthew 21:45; Mark 12:12b; Luke 20:19b)?

8. For what did the chief priests and the Pharisees look (Matthew 21:46; Mark 12:12a; Luke 20:19a).

Answers:

1. The landowner let out, that is rented out, his vineyard to husbandmen (farmers) and went to a far country.

2. When harvest time drew near the landowner sent his servants to receive the harvest.

3. The farmers who rented the vineyard mistreated the servants.  They were beaten, stoned and some killed.   

4. The landowner sent his son.

5. The farmers killed the landowner’s son.

6. The landowner should destroy the farmers and rent the land to others.

7. When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew He was talking about them.

8. The chief priests and the Pharisees looked for a way to arrest Jesus.

HEAR the WORD

Matthew 21:42-44 (KJV) 42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes? 43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.  44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

Mark 12:10-11 (KJV) 10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: 11 This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

Luke 20:17-18 (KJV) 17 And Jesus beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?  18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

MEDITATE on the WORD

Ponder the above verses. Jesus refers to Himself as “the stone which the builders rejected.” My Bible notes: Although Jesus would be rejected by most of the Jewish leaders, he would become the cornerstone of a new “building” the church (see Acts 4:11; I Peter 2:7).  The cornerstone was used as a base to make sure the other stones of the building were straight and level.  Jesus’ life and teaching would be the church’s foundation.  Jesus used the metaphor of the stone to show that one stone can affect people different ways, depending on how they relate to it.  Jesus by quoting Psalm 118:22 showed the unbelieving leaders that even their rejection of the Messiah had been prophesied in Scripture.  My thoughts: Even though Jesus’ comments were veiled, the religious leaders had no trouble interpreting them for they immediately wanted to arrest Him. 

MEMORIZE the WORD

Matthew 21:42 (NIV) Jesus said to them, “Have you never read the Scriptures: ‘The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone, the Lord has done this and it is marvelous in our eyes.’”

LOVE and LIVE the WORD

We can build on (fall upon) “the cornerstone” or stumble over or even be crushed by “the cornerstone.”  I choose to build, how about you?

TEACH and SHARE the WORD

We should encourage all who believe to build on the cornerstone Jesus.

PRAY the WORD

Lord, I pray we will say yes to You and follow through on Your plan (Matthew 21:31).  Lord, I pray we will learn to live a righteous life before You  (Matthew 21:32). Lord, I pray wherever You send us and whatever You give us to do we will do it (Matthew 21:41).  In Christ Jesus’ name I pray.  AMEN.

ENCOURAGEMENT

“May you and I respect and follow Jesus.” <>< Dona